The Exegetical Anatomy 

of the Spirit

The Spirit of People


Section One

Spirit of Living Ones

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1.1 Breath of LifeAll flesh in which was the spirit of living ones went into the ark (Genesis 7:15). 1Moses wrote about the flesh which had in them spirit of living ones (“ר֥וּחַ חַיִּֽים“). The spirit of living ones described a particular group of beings, who were part of the living ones, created by God when He breathed into their nostrils the breath of living ones (Genesis 2:7). Yahweh Elohim blew into the nose of Adam the breath of living ones (“נִשְׁמַ֣ת חַיִּ֑ים“) and he came to soul life (“לְנֶ֥פֶשׁ חַיָּֽה“).]] Therefore, Adam and all the animals on the ark shared 

1.2 Spirit of Living Ones. Yahweh closed the ark and sealed Noah and his family in the ark. Yahweh then flooded the earth and all flesh perished, all in whose nose was the breath of spirit of living ones (Genesis 7:22). 2Moses wrote: “שְׁמַת־ר֨וּחַ חַיִּ֜ים בְּאַפָּ֗יו” the breath of spirit of of living ones in their noses. Generally, the living ones dwell upon the earth and have the spirit of living ones in their noses. See the Living Ones


Section Two

Troubled Spirits

2.1 Pharaoh. Pharaoh had a dream and in the morning his spirit troubled him. No one but Joseph could interpret the dream for Pharaoh. (Genesis 41:8). 3Moses wrote that his spirit was troubled “תִּפָּ֣עֶם רוּחֹ֔ו“. The niphal imperfect form conveys the reflexive idea, that his dreams caused his trouble, with all the action happening within Pharaoh. Therefore, the spirit of people can be affected by their dreams. Furthermore, once their spirit is troubled, then it propels them to action. Here, Pharaoh sought an interpretation of his dream.

Section Three

Lived Spirit

3.1 Jacob. The spirit of Jacob lived when he heard all the words Joseph had spoken to his other sons, and he had seen the wagons Joseph had sent to carry Jacob and his family to Egypt (Genesis 45:27). 4Moses wrote: “and lived spirit” (“וַתְּחִ֕י ר֖וּחַ“–notice the feminine singular waw consecutive) of Jacob when he heard the news about Joseph. 

Section Four

Spirit of Wisdom